Where to locate Detectors?
Smoke detectors are to be
located on every level of a residence, (basement, first, second floor) excluding
crawl spaces and unfinished attics, and in every separate sleeping area,
between sleeping and living areas such as kitchen, garage, basement and
In homes with only one
sleeping area on one floor, a detector is to be placed in the hallway outside
the bedrooms as shown in figure 1.
In single floor homes with
two separate sleeping areas, two detectors are required, outside each sleeping
area as shown in Figure 2.
In multi-level homes,
detectors are to be located outside each sleeping area and at every finished
level of the home as shown in Figure 3.
Basement level detectors
are to be located in close proximity to the bottom of basement stairwells as
shown in Figure 4.
Carbon Monoxide alarms
should be placed in the immediate vicinity of the sleeping areas.
The Legislature amended and
enacted P.L.1991, c.92 (C.52:27D-198.1), requiring that all one and two-family
dwellings at a change of occupancy be provided with a portable fire
extinguisher, in addition to the requirements for smoke and carbon monoxide
detectors. This provision does not apply to seasonal rental units. This act
was signed into law on April 14, 2005 with an effective date of November 1,
The requirements for the
type and placement of the extinguishers are as follows:
At least one portable fire extinguisher shall be installed in all
One- and two-family
dwellings (except seasonal rental units) upon change of occupancy;
The extinguisher shall be listed, labeled, charges and operable;
The size shall be no smaller than 2A:10B:C, rated for residential use and
weigh no more than 10lbs;
The hangers or brackets supplied by the manufacturer must be used;
The extinguisher must be located within 10 feet of the kitchen;
The top of the extinguisher must not be more than 5 feet above the floor;
The extinguisher must be visible and in a readily accessible location,
free from being blocked by furniture, storage or other items;
The extinguisher must be near a room exit or travel path that provides an
escape route to the exterior;
The extinguisher must be accompanied by an owner’s manual or written
information regarding the operation, inspection and maintenance of the
Lastly, the extinguisher must be installed with the operating
instructions clearly visible.